Body Parts Affected by Coronary Heart Disease

Identification

Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a condition that disrupts the smooth flow of blood to the heart. A sticky substance (plaque) begins to build up in the arteries, restricting their normal function.

Effects

The reduced blood flow causes the heart to work harder to pump blood to the rest of the body. A person may experience chest pain or tightness with CHD. A heart attack can result.

Significance

Because the heart pumps blood throughout the body, other organs such as the kidneys can be negatively affected by CHD. However, the arteries and heart are the most commonly damaged parts of the body.

Function

CHD causes a hardening of the arteries that begins in childhood. The hardening is caused by a combination of fatty materials, cholesterol and other minerals building up in the artery wall.

Prevention/Solution

Eating healthful, low-fat foods can reduce the risk of serious effects of CHD. If you smoke, talk to your health care professional about quitting.