IdentificationBone spurs are projections, or growths, on the edge of bone. They are not inherently painful themselves, but can be the cause of discomfort by causing rubbing, interfering with ligaments or tendons, or placing pressure on nerves. They can also cause problems by limiting the range of motion of a limb or joint. If they are large enough or near enough to the edge of a bone, a bone spur can even be visible under the skin.
CausesBone spurs are usually caused by different types of arthritis, being overweight, or from having tight ligaments or stress on a certain bone in the body. All of these conditions may injure the bones. As the bone tries to heal itself, it might create new bone to fill a gap or replace lost cartilage.
DiabetesDiabetes is a disorder in which the body is unable to properly metabolize sugar and remove it from the blood stream. People with diabetes do not create enough insulin in their pancreas to move glucose or sugar from the blood and into cells as energy. There are two types of diabetes, Type 1 and Type 2.
Type 1 diabetes is autoimmune, and involves the body's immune system attacking the cells that produce insulin in the pancreas. Type 1 diabetes is often genetic and less related to diet.
Type 2 diabetes is the type often associated with old age and obesity. People with Type 2 diabetes are not necessarily born with it. In Type 2 diabetes, the pancreas is capable of producing enough insulin to remove sugar from the blood, but the body is unable to carry out the process.